Volume 11 Supplement 2

17th Scientific Symposium of the Austrian Pharmacological Society (APHAR)

Open Access

Treprostinil stimulates the engraftment of haematopoetic stem cells

  • Filza Hussain1,
  • Christian Bergmayr1,
  • Armam Alimohammadi1,
  • Michael Freissmuth1 and
  • Eva-Maria Zebedin1Email author
BMC Pharmacology201111(Suppl 2):A6

https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2210-11-S2-A6

Published: 5 September 2011

Background

Successful transplantation of haematopoetic stem cells (HSC) is often limited by low transplantation efficiency. This may be enhanced by pharmacological means. In fact, HSCs require a Gαs-transduced signal to re-populate the bone marrow [1]. Pretreatment with prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) enhances engraftment via activation of Gαs-coupled EP2 and EP4 receptors [2]. Treprostinil is a stable analogue of prostacyclin/PGI2. It predominantly acts via EP2 and EP4 receptors. Treprostinil is approved for treatment of pulmonary hypertension. Here we test the hypothesis that treprostinil may also be useful to promote engraftment of HSC.

Methods

Generation of murine bone marrow-derived HSCs: Undifferentiated HCS (lineage-negative, Lin cells) were separated from bone marrow cells by MACS (magnetic-assisted cell sorting) and characterized by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) using cell surface markers. [3H]cAMP-accumulation assays: Lin cells were incubated in supplemented stem cell medium (StemSpanSFEM#09650). After 4 h at 37°C cells were stimulated with forskolin, treprostinil, other prostanoids and cholera toxin for 1 h. Bone marrow transplantation: Recipient mice were lethally irradiated. Lin cells were pretreated in absence/presence of 10 µM treprostinil, treprostinil plus 30 µM forskolin or 10 µg/mL cholera toxin for 1 h at 37°C. 3x105 cells/mouse were injected via the tail vein. Transplantation efficiency was determined by the analysis of white blood cell counts. For competition assay, equal numbers of treated/untreated Lin cells, which can be distinguished according to surface expression of Ly5.1 and Ly5.2, were injected in one and the same recipient mouse.

Results

Successful MACS-purification of Lin cells was documented by FACS. Next, the cAMP-response of Lin cells to treprostinil was tested: Treprostinil elicited a concentration-dependent accumulation of cAMP in the range of 0.1–10 µM with an estimated EC50 in the range of 0.3 µM. A beneficial effect was also observed in vivo: mice injected with treprostinil-pretreated Lin cells had significantly higher levels of circulating white blood cells when compared to those receiving vehicle-treated Lin cells (p < 0.05, unpaired t test). In addition, when pretreated and untreated Lin cells were mixed to compete for bone marrow reconstitution, the white blood cells derived from the pretreated Lin cell population were 1.5–3-fold more abundant than those originating from the non-treated HSC.

Conclusions

The treprostinil-induced cAMP elevation translates into enhanced engraftment of haematopoetic stem cells. Because treprostinil is reasonably well tolerated, it may be of interest to explore its action in bone marrow transplantation in people.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Institute of Pharmacology, Center of Physiology and Pharmacology, Medical University of Vienna

References

  1. Adams GB, Alley IR, Chung UI, Chabner KT, Jeanson NT, Lo Celso C, Marsters ES, Chen M, Weinstein LS, Lin CP, Kronenberg HM, Scadden DT: Haematopoietic stem cells depend on Gαs-mediated signalling to engraft bone marrow. Nature. 2009, 459: 103-107. 10.1038/nature07859.PubMed CentralView ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Hoggatt J, Singh P, Sampath J, Pelus LM: Prostaglandin E2 enhances hematopoietic stem cell homing, survival, and proliferation. Blood. 2009, 113: 5444-5455. 10.1182/blood-2009-01-201335.PubMed CentralView ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© Hussain et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2011

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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