Skip to content

Advertisement

You're viewing the new version of our site. Please leave us feedback.

Learn more
Open Access

Quantification of cAMP and cGMP analogs in intact cells: pitfals in enzyme immunoassays for cyclic nucleotides

  • Katharina Werner1,
  • Frank Schwede2,
  • Hans-Gottfried Genieser2,
  • Jörg Geiger1 and
  • Elke Butt1Email author
BMC Pharmacology201111(Suppl 1):P75

https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2210-11-S1-P75

Published: 1 August 2011

Background

The present work evaluates the cross-reactivity of commercially available cyclic nucleotide analogs with cAMP- and cGMP-immunoassays from Cayman, IBL (both IBL International, Hamburg, Germany) and ENZO Life Sciences (Loerrach, Germany).

Results and conclusion

Most of the tested cyclic nucleotide analogs showed low degree competition with the antibodies; however, with Rp-cAMPS, 8-Br-cGMP and 8-pCPT-cGMP a strong cross-reactivity with the ENZO cAMP- respectively cGMP-EIA and the IBL cGMP-RIA was observed (Table 1). As a consequence we tested these derivatives with the Cayman cGMP-EIA. This assay is less sensitive to cGMP (1.0 pmol/ml) than the ENZO cGMP-EIA (0.01 pmol/ml), however the specificity concerning cGMP-analogs is superior and therefore advantageous when measuring cGMP in the presence of 8-Br-cGMP or 8-pCPT-cGMP.

The determined EIA binding constants enabled the measurement of the intracellular cyclic nucleotide concentrations and revealed a time- and lipophilicity-dependent cell membrane permeability of the compounds in the range of 10-30 % of the extracellular applied concentration after 20 min (Table 1).
Table 1

Lipophilicity (log Kw), cell permeability and EIA/RIA specificity of selected cyclic Nucleotide analogs.

Analog

Log Kw

Permeability

Specificity ENZO cAMP-EIA

Specificity ENZO cAMP-EIA

Specificity IBL cGMP-RIA

Specificity Cayman cGMP-EIA

2’-dcGMP

0.65

0%

 

5.21%

  

cGMP

0.77

  

100%

100%

100%

Rp-cGMPS

0.89

  

0.27%

10.6%

 

2’-dcAMP

 

0%

2.4%

   

cAMP

1.09

 

100%

   

8-Br-cGMP

1.17

12.1%

 

490%

20%

0.5%

Rp-cAMPS

1.21

12.2%

68%

   

8-Br-cAMP

1.35

8.0%

0.4%

   

Rp-8-Br-cAMPS

1.47

 

0.3%

   

6-MB-cAMP

1.64

 

0.4%

   

6-Bnz-cAMP

1.9

 

0.6%

   

8-pCPT-cGMP

2.52

19.6%

 

240%

30%

0.008%

8-pCPT-cAMP

2.65

22.0%

0.05%

   

8-Br-PET-cGMP

2.83

30.9%

 

10%

0.15%

1.6%

Rp-8-Br-PET-cGMPS

2.83

  

0.2%

  

8-pCPT-2’-OMe-cAMP (Epac Activator)

2.94

 

0.03%

0.02%

  

Sp-5,6-DCI-cBIMPS

2.99

 

<0.001%

   

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Institute for Clinical Biochemistry and Pathobiochemistry, University of Wuerzburg
(2)
Biolog Life Science Institute

Copyright

© Werner et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2011

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Advertisement