Skip to content

Advertisement

You're viewing the new version of our site. Please leave us feedback.

Learn more
Open Access

GMP-mediated regulation of cardiovascular Ca2+ entry channel TRPC6 and its pathophysiological implications

  • Ryuji Inoue1Email author,
  • Zhong Jian1,
  • Hai Lin1,
  • Shinichi Takahashi1,
  • Naomi Geshi1, 2,
  • Akira Honda1 and
  • Masayuki Mori1
BMC Pharmacology20099(Suppl 1):S17

https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2210-9-S1-S17

Published: 11 August 2009

TRPC6 is a ubiquitous and predominant isoform expressed in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and has been implicated in the regulation of vascular tone and remodelling via neurohormonal and mechanosensitive mechanisms. Although these two mechanisms are generally thought to work independently, our recent investigation has revealed that TRPC6 channel is synergistically activated by receptor and mechanical stimulations via the phospholipase C/Gq-protein/diacylglycerol and phospholipase A2/ω-hydroxylase/20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid pathways. Experiments with pressurized mesenteric artery have suggested that this synergism likely contributes to enhanced myogenic responsiveness under near-threshold receptor stimulation. Different lines of evidence also suggest that TRPC6 channel is subject to both positive and negative regulation via activation of Ca2+/ calmodulin-dependent kinase (CAMKII), and protein kinases C (PKC) and G (PKG); while CAMKII- and PKC-mediated phosphorylation accelerates the time courses of TRPC6 activation and inactivation during receptor stimulation respectively, activation of PKG via stimulation of the nitric oxide or atrial natriuretic peptide/guanylate cyclase/cGMP pathway tonically suppresses TRPC6 channel activity through its phosphorylation on T69, regardless of receptor or mechanical stimulation[1]. Interestingly, prolonged activation of PKG (10–20 min) reactivated TRPC6 channel rendering it spontaneously active with loss of receptor- and mechano-sensitivities. Disruption of actin cytoskeleton by cytochalasin D treatment induced similar consequences. It can be speculated that phosphorylation of TRPC6 channel by PKG may not only cause an acute tonic inhibition of the channel activation by neurohormonal and mechanical stimuli, but also induce a slow transition between differential activation modes, presumably altering the VSMC phenotype from 'contractile' to 'proliferative' ones.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of Physiology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Fukuoka University
(2)
Department of Plant Biology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen

References

  1. Takahashi S, Lin H, Geshi N, Mori Y, Kawarabayashi Y, Takami N, Mori MX, Honda A, Inoue R: Nitric oxide/cGMP/protein kinase G pathway negatively regulates vascular transient receptor potential channel TRPC6. J Physiol. 2008, 586: 4209-4233. 10.1113/jphysiol.2008.156083.PubMed CentralView ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© Inoue et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2009

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.

Advertisement