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Effect of exercise training on endothelium-dependent relaxing response and cGMP concentration in pulmonary artery from rats submitted to lung ischemia/reperfusion

Background

The aim of this work was to evaluate whether physical exercise influences the relaxing responses to acetylcholine in pulmonary artery from rats submitted to lung ischemia/reperfusion (IR).

Methods and results

Expression of endothelial and neuronal NOS (eNOS and nNOS), p47phox subunit of NAD(P)H oxidase, and Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD-1) in the pulmonary artery, together with measurement of cyclic GMP (cGMP) concentration have been performed to further elucidate the improvement of endothelium-dependent relaxing response by regular physical exercise after lung IR. Male Wistar rats were divided into three groups: sham operated-sedentary (SHAM/SD); ischemia/reperfusion sedentary (IR/SD) and ischemia/reperfusion trained (IR/TR). Run training was performed for 5 days/week, each session of 60 min, at a speed of 1.2 km/h and 0% grade during 8 weeks. Left pulmonary IR was performed by occluding the pulmonary artery, bronchus and pulmonary vein for 90 min and reperfusing for 120 min. After that, pulmonary arteries were isolated and the relaxing responses to acetylcholine, at the pEC80 level, were obtained. Protein expression for eNOS, nNOS, SOD-1, p47phox subunit of NAD(P)H oxidase, and cGMP concentration were determined. The relaxing responses for acetylcholine in pulmonary artery, at the pEC80 level, were significantly increased in IR/TR (6.48 ± 0.04) group as compared to sedentary animals (SHAM/SD: 6.15 ± 0.03 and IR/SD: 6.12 ± 0.03 groups). This improvement of relaxing response was positively associated with a marked increase on cGMP concentration in IR/TR group as compared to sedentary groups, approximately 110 and 190% for SHAM/SD and IR/SD group, respectively (Figure 1). Either lung IR or exercise training failed to provoke any alterations in the protein expression for eNOS, nNOS, SOD-1 and p47phox subunit of NAD(P)H oxidase (Figure 2).

Figure 1
figure1

Cyclic GMP (pmol/mg) content in basal levels of pulmonary artery with intact endothelium. Data are means ± SEM of n = 5–6 animals per group. SHAM/SD: sham operated sedentary, IR/SD: ischemia/reperfusion sedentary, IR/TR: ischemia/reperfusion trained rats. * IR/TR vs SHAM/SD and IR/SD.

Figure 2
figure2

Representative Western Blot ( top ) and quantitative analysis ( bottom ; in arbitrary units-AU) for eNOS (panel A), nNOS (panel B), Cu/Zn SOD-1 (panel C) and p47phox (panel D) protein expression. α-actin was used as the internal control for eNOS, nNOS, Cu/Zn SOD-1 and p47phox protein expression. Data are means ± SEM of n = 5–6 animals per group. SHAM/SD: sham operated sedentary, IR/SD: ischemia/reperfusion sedentary, IR/TR: ischemia/reperfusion trained. Molecular weight was inserted.

Conclusion

Our study is the first to show that aerobic exercise training prior to lung IR promotes beneficial effect in the endothelium-dependent relaxing response that was partially associated with increase in cGMP concentration in rat pulmonary artery suggesting that physical exercise might be an important and additional approach to prevent the deleterious effect of lung IR.

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to Fundação de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP).

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Correspondence to Angelina Zanesco.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Zanesco, A., Delbin, M.A., Davel, A.P. et al. Effect of exercise training on endothelium-dependent relaxing response and cGMP concentration in pulmonary artery from rats submitted to lung ischemia/reperfusion. BMC Pharmacol 9, P77 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2210-9-S1-P77

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Keywords

  • Pulmonary Artery
  • Superoxide Dismutase
  • Acetylcholine
  • Exercise Training
  • Physical Exercise