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Cardiovascular effects of the soluble guanylyl cyclase activator BAY 58–2667 in anesthetized dogs

BMC Pharmacology20077(Suppl 1):P28

https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2210-7-S1-P28

Published: 25 July 2007

Keywords

  • Central Venous Pressure
  • Total Peripheral Resistance
  • Acute Decompensated Heart Failure
  • Soluble Guanylyl Cyclase
  • High Infusion Rate

Introduction

BAY 58–2667 is a novel activator of the soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) with vasodilatory properties particularly in diseased blood vessels [1]. BAY 58–2667 is currently under clinical development for the treatment of acute decompensated heart failure.

Within the scope of a Safety Pharmacology study, effects on cardiovascular function and ECG were examined in anesthetized Beagle dogs after intravenous administration. Infusion rates of this placebo-controlled study were chosen to cover approximately the 10 fold of therapeutic plasma levels.

Materials and methods

Nine female and male Beagle dogs (age 1.5–3 years, body weight 10 – 15 kg) were anesthetized (neuroleptic anesthesia with droperidol/fentanyl) and artificially ventilated (N2O/O2) [2]. Hemodynamic parameters systolic and diastolic arterial blood pressure (BPS, BPD), left ventricular systolic and end diastolic pressure (LVP, LVEDP), left ventricular dP/dt (LVdP/dt), cardiac output (CO), central venous pressure (CVP), and heart rate (HR) were measured continuously. Total peripheral resistance (TPR) was calculated as mean arterial pressure (BPM) divided by cardiac output. ECG was recorded with standard lead II and RR, PQ, QRS, and QT interval were evaluated. QT was corrected for heart rate by Fridericia's formula (QTcF).

Groups of n = 3 dogs received 3 cumulative infusion steps of placebo (1 mM Tris buffer at pH 8.6–8.8 in saline, 0.44–0.67–3.33 ml/kg/h) or BAY 58–2667 at low (1–5–25 μg/kg/h) or at high (5–15–45 μg/kg/h) infusion rates. Infusion rates were consecutively increased every hour followed by a 2 hour washout period after stop of the final infusion step.

Systemic exposure was determined in plasma after protein precipitation and separation by high-pressure liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometric detection (LC/MS/MS).

Results

Cardiovascular function

BAY 58–2667 caused a plasma concentration dependent reduction of LVEDP (-98%) and CVP (-54%) followed by a vasodilation (marked reduction of TPR by -48%) which was accompanied by counter regulation with increase of HR (+113%) and LV dP/dt (+21%) as a consequence of sympathetic activation. Mean plasma levels of 17.8 μg/L at low infusion rates and 25.2 μg/L at high infusion rates were obtained (Table 1).

Table 1

-BAY 58–2667 low infusion rates

BAY 58–2667

μg/kg/h

Time

min

HR

Δ %

BPS

Δ %

BPD

Δ %

BPM

Δ %

LVP

Δ %

LVEDP

Δ %

LVdP/dt

Δ %

CVP

Δ %

CO

Δ %

TPR

Δ %

C58–2667

μg/L

1

60

2

-2

-2

-2

0

-8

-3

-2

-6

3

0.9

5

120

4

-14

-4

-10

-7

-40

-1

-24

-3

-5

3.4

25

180

34

-26

-2

-14

-9

-67

21

-43

27

-23

17.8

washout

300

19

-22

2

-11

-11

-22

1

-9

10

-18

0.2

-BAY 58–2667 high infusion ratesa

BAY 58–2667

μg/kg/h

Time

min

HR

Δ %

BPS

Δ %

BPD

Δ %

BPM

Δ %

LVP

Δ %

LVEDP

Δ %

LVdP/dt

Δ %

CVP

Δ %

CO

Δ %

TPR

Δ %

C58–2667

μg/L

5

60

32

-14

-4

-9

-8

-24

16

-24

13

-18

2.9

15

120

56

-34

-16

-26

-18

-65

9

-37

36

-39

8.8

45

180

113

-47

-21

-31

-18

-98

17

-54

73

-48

25.2

washout

300

34

-31

-7

-20

-20

-39

-19

-27

15

-29

0.3

Hemodynamic effects of low and high infusion rates of BAY 58–2667 (placebo normalized data, relative to baseline values, means of n = 3) at end of each infusion step and end of 2 hour washout period with corresponding plasma levels.

ECG

Besides effects which are attributable to increased heart rate (shortening of PQ and QT interval) the ECG was not significantly affected. In particular no effects on QTcF interval were seen up to highest mean plasma levels of 25 μg/L (=0.5 nMunbound) whereas cardiovascular effects were seen already at 3 μg/L (=0.06 nMunbound). Electrophysiological in vitro investigations (in-house data) demonstrated that BAY 58–2667 elicited no effects on dog Purkinje fiber action potentials up to 1000 nM and only slight inhibition of hERG K+ current (IC50 >1000 nM).

Summary

The sGC activator BAY 58–2667 was intravenously administered to anesthetized dogs at a dose-range of 1 – 45 μg/kg/hour yielding mean plasma levels of up 25 μg/L.

Observed effects are: (1) Threshold of cardiovascular effects in dogs at plasma levels of 3 μg/L comparable to that in healthy volunteers (2.5 μg/L); (2) Reduction of ventricular pre- and afterload (decrease of CVP, LVEDP, BPM); (3) Marked vasodilation (up to 48% TPR reduction); (4) No evidence for risk of QT prolongation.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Dept. TOX-Safety Pharmacology, Bayer HealthCare AG, Global Drug Discovery, Wuppertal, Germany
(2)
Dept. DMPK Bioanalytics, Bayer HealthCare AG, Global Drug Discovery, Wuppertal, Germany

References

  1. Stasch JP, Schmidt PM, Nedvetsky PI, Nedvetskaya TY, Kumar A, Meurer S, Deile M, Taye A, Knorr A, Lapp H, Muller H, Turgay Y, Rothkegel C, Tersteegen A, Kemp-Harper B, Muller-Esterl W, Schmidt HH: Targeting the heme-oxidized nitric oxide receptor for selective vasodilation of diseased blood vessels. J Clin Invest. 2006, 116: 2552-2561.PubMed CentralView ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Vormberge T, Hoffmann M, Himmel H: Safety pharmacology assessment of drug-induced QT-prolongation in dogs with reduced repolarization reserve. J Pharmacol Toxicol Meth. 2006, 54: 130-140. 10.1016/j.vascn.2006.03.011.View ArticleGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© Hoffmann and Thuss; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2007

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.

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