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Effects on cell proliferation and EPR spin trapping studies of Abnormal Savda Munziq and its chromatographic subfractions

Background

Abnormal Savda Munziq (ASMq) is a herbal preparation of traditional Uighur medicine for the prevention or treatment of a variety of diseases (e.g. bowel cancer, diabetes, hypertension and others).

Methods

In addition to the beneficial therapeutical effects of ASMq we also expected possible toxic effects and therefore focussed our in vitro investigations on inhibition of cell proliferation and also investigated its free radical scavenging as well as generating properties using electron spin resonance spectroscopy (ESR). ASMq was tested as aqueous solution as well as different subfractions obtained by sequential extraction with different solvents, i.e. n-hexane, methylene chloride, ethyl acetate, ethanol, methanol, methanol/water and finally water. Furthermore, the ethanolic fraction (containing the highest mass) was subsequently divided into chromatographic subfractions using semi-preparative HPLC. The whole aqueous and organic extracts as well as the ethanolic subfractions were subjected to determination of cell proliferative activity of murine hybridoma cells (YAC-1), which were treated with increasing concentrations of the respective extracts.

Results

We were able to demonstrate substantial effects of a set of subfractions of ASMq on cell proliferation with a significant correlation between decreasing proliferative activity and increasing lipophilic properties of the ASMq-subfractions, also correlating to an increased retention time on semi-preparative C-18 columns in our HPLC experiments. In our ESR experiments we observed significant antioxidant properties of the whole extract in spin trapping experiments using DEPMPO and a hydroxyl radical generating Fenton system. In addition, formation of a mixture of free radicals was observed under alkaline conditions suggesting the involvement of phenolic compounds. We were not able to identify the radicals involved; however, the polyphenolic compound gallic acid was identified by HPLC as a possible main active ingredient.

Conclusions

Our preliminary results show antioxidant properties of aqueous ASMq solutions. Free radicals are only detectable under alkaline conditions. Only the hydrophobic parts of ASMq inhibit cell proliferation.

Author information

Correspondence to Klaus Stolze.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Keywords

  • Electron Spin Resonance
  • Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Electron Spin Resonance Experiment
  • Spin Trapping
  • Ethanolic Fraction