Pharmacological characterization of receptor guanylyl cyclase reporter cell lines
© Wunder et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2009
Published: 11 August 2009
Particulate guanylyl cyclases are implicated in a growing number of pathophysiologies and, therefore, represent an important target class for drug development. We report here the generation and pharmacological characterization of three receptor guanylyl cyclase reporter cell lines.
Plasmid constructs encoding the natriuretic peptide receptors GC-A and GC-B, and the heat-stable enterotoxin receptor GC-C, were stably transfected in a parental reporter cell line expressing the cyclic nucleotide-gated (CNG) cation channel CNGA2, acting as the biosensor for intracellular cGMP.
In our reporter cell lines, receptor guanylyl cyclase activity can be monitored in real-time via aequorin luminescence stimulated by calcium influx through the CNG channel. By using different natural as well as synthetic receptor ligands of the natriuretic and guanylin peptide families, we could show that our reporter assay monitors guanylyl cyclase activity with unrivalled high sensitivity. Receptor antagonists were also tested and, unexpectedly, were characterized as partial agonists.
The results imply that our novel guanylyl cyclase reporter cell lines are well suited for the characterization of receptor pharmacology. This novel reporter system may be used for drug discovery by (u)HTS and for natural ligand characterization of guanylyl cyclase orphan receptors.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.