BK channels in Purkinje cell plasma membranes are concentrated in plasmerosomes at sites of hypolemmal cisternae
© Kaufmann et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2008
Published: 5 November 2008
Calcium-activated potassium channels have been shown to be critically involved in neuronal function but an elucidation of their detailed roles awaits identification of the subcellular domains and microdomains where they are located. This study was undertaken to unravel the precise subcellular distribution of the big-conductance calcium-activated potassium channels (called BK, KCa1.1 or Slo1) in the somato-dendritic compartment of cerebellar Purkinje cells by means of postembedding immunogold cytochemistry and SDS-digested freeze-fracture replica labeling (SDS-FRL). We found BK channels to be unevenly distributed over the Purkinje cell plasma membrane and localized to specific subcellular domains. At distal dendritic compartments, BK channels were scattered over the plasma membrane of shafts and spines, but absent from postsynaptic densities. At the soma and proximal dendrites, BK channels formed two distinct pools. One pool was scattered over the plasma membrane, the other pool was clustered in plasma membrane domains overlying subsurface membrane cisterns, also called hypolemmal cisternae. These subcompartments of the endoplasmic reticulum likely represent calciosomes that unload and refill Ca2+ independently. Purkinje cell subsurface cisterns are enriched in inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate receptors that mediate the effects of several neurotransmitters, hormones and growth factors by releasing Ca2+ into the cytosol, generating local Ca2+ sparks. Such increases in cytosolic [Ca2+] may be sufficient for BK channel activation. Clustered BK channels in the plasma membrane may thus participate in building a functional unit (plasmerosome) with the underlying calciosome that contributes significantly to local signaling in Purkinje cells.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.