Proteomic analyses demonstrating the differences in protein profiles of sera from diabetic and wild-type mice. Serum samples from fasting diabetic (db+/db+) mice and fasting wild-type (+m/+m) mice were loaded onto ProteinChip arrays. (A) List of peaks of proteins and/or peptides with indicated m/z values, the peak intensities of which were significantly changed in the diabetic state. Relative peak intensities were averaged (n = 8). The fold changes are presented as ratios of the peak intensities at indicated m/z values in db+/db+ to those in the +m/+m mice. Peaks at m/z 4203, 4576, 8515, 9291, 17406 and 18678 were obtained using CM10 ProteinChip (pH4). Peaks at 8733 and 9311 m/z were obtained using CM10 ProteinChip (pH7). Peaks at m/z 3933, 4119, 4206, 4369, 4566, 4579, 4637, 8523, 8827, 8915, 9283, 13075, 17407, 17418, 17622, 18431, 18691, 22334 and 26100 were obtained using Q10 ProteinChip. Peak at m/z 4211 was obtained using IMAC30. The chips were analyzed by SELDI-TOF-MS. (B) and (C) Typical data of relative peak intensities in +m/+m and db+/db+ mouse sera (upper, representative of 4–8 independent observations) and the peak intensity averages at m/z 4206 and 26100 (lower, n = 4 for +m/+m, n = 8 for db+/db+). The analyzed peak is indicated by arrows in the data of mass spectral signals. **P < 0.01; significantly different from the peak in wild-type mice, by unpaired t-test.