Volume 7 Supplement 2

13th Scientific Symposium of the Austrian Pharmacological Society (APHAR). Joint Meeting with the Austrian Society of Toxicology (ASTOX) and the Hungarian Society for Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology (MFT)

Open Access

β-Sitosterol oxidation products failed to show mutagenic potential in the Ames test

  • Karin Koschutnig1Email author,
  • Suvi Kemmo2,
  • Anna-Maija Lampi1,
  • Vieno Piironen1 and
  • Karl-Heinz Wagner1
BMC Pharmacology20077(Suppl 2):A62

DOI: 10.1186/1471-2210-7-S2-A62

Published: 14 November 2007

Background

Over the past few years phytosterols have received great attention due to their serum cholesterol-lowering effect. As a consequence a growing number of functional foods are fortified with phytosterols and their esters. In structure phytosterols are similar to cholesterol. Both contain an unsaturated ring structure and are therefore prone to oxidation. While possible health implications of cholesterol oxidation products (COPs) have been well documented, data on phytosterol oxidation products (POPs) are still rare. First data with different cultured mammalian cells show for POPs similar toxicity like COPs.

Objective

Therefore we investigated for the first time possible mutagenic and pro-oxidative effects of two common oxidation products of β-sitosterol, 7-keto-sitosterol and 7β-OH-sitosterol, in the Ames test. Different Salmonella thyphimurium strains, TA 98, 100, 102, were used. For metabolic activation the oxidation products were treated with a rat liver enzyme mixture (S9). To further investigate the anti-/pro-oxidative effects the oxidant tBOOH was used.

Results

In general neither 7-keto-sitosterol nor 7β-OH-sitosterol could increase the revertant colony numbers beyond the doubled negative control, which was set as threshold for mutagenic activity. No dose-dependent increase could be observed. Since these two criteria must be fulfilled in order to identify a compound as a possible mutagen our tests showed no increased risk by the two investigated POPs.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Vienna
(2)
Department of Applied Chemistry and Microbiology, University of Helsinki

Copyright

© Koschutnig et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2007

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.

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